The Big Bang suggests that our universe is one in a "multiverse" of infinite parallel universes. Hawking's paper posits that the other universes out there follow the same laws of physics that exist in our universe.
This makes the number of possible universes much more manageable and testable, since it's no longer an effort to understand infinite universes that could have different underlying rules of physics and chemistry.
"We are not down to a single, unique universe, but our findings imply a significant reduction of the multiverse, to a much smaller range of possible universes," Hawking said in a statement last fall.
Essentially Hawking proved that the multiverse is real - our universe contains multiple versions of itself. These versions are mostly the same as ours though - they have the same
physics and chemistry. In fact, they're just slight variations of ours. Our universe branches off into multpiple versions of itself, but each version is one difference away from
the other. Hawking wrote, "our universe is like an infinite fractal, with a mosaic of different pocket universes."
It's like that movie Sliding Doors. What if you didn't make that train you were supposed to make? Would your life be different? Each choice you make branches out into a different multiverse
and continues to evolve differently after that fork in reality.
It's also similiar to the premise of Source Code - alternative realities are happening in different multiverses at the same time and it's possible to move between them.
Hawking's paper also proves that time has a beginning. Which suggests that we do have some creator, who created the universe at some point.
Most intertestingly, Hawking's paper posits that our universe is a matrix like hologram. There is no "real world", there is only the matrix.
Working with Belgian colleague Professor Thomas Hertog, Prof Hawking extended the weird notion of a holographic reality to explain how the universe came into being from the moment of the Big Bang.
The new theory embraces the strange concept that the universe is like a vast and complex hologram. In other words, 3D reality is an illusion, and that the apparently "solid" world around us -
and the dimension of time - is projected from information stored on a flat 2D surface.
Hawking and Hertog's variation of the holography theory overcomes the problem of combining eternal inflation with General Relativity.
Prof Hertog, from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KT Leuven), said: "It's a very precise mathematical notion of holography that has come out of string theory in the last few years which is
not fully understood but is mind-boggling and changes the scene completely."
Applied to inflation, the newly published theory suggests that time and "the beginning" of the universe arose holographically from an unknowable state outside the Big Bang.
Our "reality" is actually a Matrix like hologram that God - an Alien who exists outside our universe - created. This hologram was created so we have the opportunity to go to Heaven. We are players
inside this hologram. If we behave like a good person, we go to Heaven. If we sin, we go to Hell which is as real a matrix as the matrix we live in. Whereas God designed this matrix to give us
a chance to show that we are good, God created Hell as a matrix to punish us for our sins. Heaven itself is another matrix, but one where nothing ever goes wrong and everyone has the
best of everything. The other multiverses are also versions of our matrix. Everything is a matrix, even though we experience it all very much as reality.
All of world history will last for 16,000 years but the first 1,000 of those years were the garden of Eden and were erased, so really we have 15,000 years of world history.
We have experienced 7,000 of those years and we have 8,000 left. The world will end on the year 10,000 AD.
Many civilizations - especially the more ancient ones - were close in understanding this conception of time.
Our time is cut up into 4 cycles by the orbit of Nemesis. In 2025 we will enter the 3rd of these cycles with one more
3,650 years later.
Zoroastrians divided time into 3000 year cycles so they were slightly off. They
believed that the world lasts for 12,000 years, which is divided into four equal ages of 3,000 years each.
The Ancient Hindus also believed in 3000 year Yuga cycles. Two of the most respected astronomers of ancient India, Aryabhatta and Paulisa, believed in a Yuga Cycle that comprised of 4 Yugas
of equal duration of 3,000 divine-years each.
The Codex Rios recorded the ancient Mayan conception of time and the Mayans were pretty close - they said the whole unviverse would exist for 17,000 years.
A Mexican source known as the Codex Rios (also referred to as Codex 3738 and Codex Vaticanus A) states that each age lasts for 4008, 4010, 4801 and 5042 years respectively for a total of 17,861 years.